Female infertility can be confirmed with the following tests:
Blood tests measure your hormone levels and determine if you are ovulating.
Biopsies may be obtained to evaluate the inner lining of your uterus.
Ovarian reserve testing may be performed in order to determine the number and quality of eggs ready for ovulation.
Imaging studies such as a pelvic ultrasound or hysterosonography may be performed to obtain a detailed view of your fallopian tubes and uterus.
Hysterosalpingography involves obtaining an x-ray image after injecting a contrast material into your cervix which travels up to your fallopian tubes. This can help identify any blockages in your fallopian tubes.
Laparoscopic evaluation involves inserting a thin tube fitted with a camera through an incision in your abdomen, in order to detect any abnormalities in your reproductive organs, such as the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.
Male infertility can be confirmed with the following tests:
Semen analysis: This is a laboratory test carried out to assess the sperm count and quality. The test sample is obtained by ejaculating into a sterile bottle.
Transrectal ultrasound of the prostate: It is an investigation carried out to evaluate the prostate gland and detect any obstruction of the ducts that transport the sperm.
Scrotal ultrasound: This is an imaging test to diagnose abnormalities of the scrotum or testicles.
Testicular biopsy: A small piece of tissue is removed from the testicle using a sterile needle and sent for evaluation under a microscope to help determine the cause of infertility.
Anti-sperm antibody tests: To trace the antibodies that attack sperm.